Do you want to get acquainted with the latest advanced construction technology? It’s a step in the right direction as it puts you in a unique position of taking advantage of the latest trends. New technologies are about making everything faster, more efficient, and cheaper. So, here are the advancements you’re bound to see this year:
1) Self-healing Concrete
It may sound too good to be true, but self-healing concrete is a material that will cure itself if it develops micro-cracks.
The material has been gaining traction for more than five years, making it a fairly new construction technology. And this year it might be used in the construction of roads & bridges.
How does it work? Well, it’s actually powered by bacteria embedded in concrete. When cracks appear, they produce limestone that corrects the defects. It’s poised to last for about 200 years. There are other self-healing materials such as Hydrogels.
2) Modular construction
Construction tends to progress slowly if everything has to be built on-site. Modular construction is not the newest construction technology as it has been around for many years.
Items are prefabricated and constructed off-site. It allows for the creation of specialized manufacturing facilities that are dedicated to producing pre-made components. Sites utilizing modular construction complete the work in about half the time.
3) Using drones
Drones are so versatile, and they are permeating many industries including construction. Some of the tasks they handle include tracking the progress of projects.
During inspections, they can relay live video to the construction managers & other building specialists. They can provide multiple views of ongoing constructions and assist in implementing design changes.
Drones are useful in providing surveillance, which may help reduce the theft of materials on site. Some companies have implemented unmanned surveillance vehicles that don’t require any person to operate. Transportation is also a viable future use of drones.
4) Wearable tech
Wearable tech encompasses items such as wristbands, smart jewelry, body-mounted sensors, smartwatches, and tech tags. The tech consists of advanced electronic devices that are worn and carried by the construction workers as they move around the site.
Some of these devices are embedded in their protective clothing or on the body. For instance, one of the newest construction technology is smart hats. The function of these wearables is to collect data as the worker interacts with their work environment. Information collected may include biometrics, location, and more. The data comes in handy when improving safety standards or efficiency.
5) Augmented Reality & Virtual Reality
Augmented reality aims to solve one inherent problem: How do you translate drawings or plans on paper into real-life models without having to build them?
Well, this advanced construction technology makes drawings, sketches, and design plans come to life. So, how does it work? There must be a camera that takes a picture of the outside world. The computer generates an image that’s superimposed on the view from the real world.
For instance, real estate agents now use AR apps during viewing to reveal the potential of empty rooms. Potential customers can try out how different furniture pieces will look in the empty room.
In construction, AR also comes into play when measuring distances, dimensions, and depths. It can show how complete projects will look even on empty lots. Building specialists can take tours inside virtual models and even make design changes.
Robots are not meant to replace human beings. Construction workers can rest easy knowing that the robots of today are working side by side to make the work faster, safer, and more efficient.
They are being applied in bricklaying, lifting, scaffolding, and rebar tying. Tasks that might be completely automated are those that are painstakingly repetitive.
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7) 3D Printing
Many people have taunted 3d printing as the future of construction. It’s commonly referred to as contour crafting. There have been buildings constructed entirely through 3D printing from models in computers.
Contour crafting involves laying layers of materials such as concrete to create entire structures. Thanks to 3D machines being mobile, this new construction technology has been utilized in constructing homes in remote and poor areas where it is expensive to set up traditional homes.
Since most of the work is automated, it has the potential to save lots of labor costs. Homes made through 3D printing are even more durable than conventional dwellings. New markets have been opened and the technology reduces material costs.
8) Cloud Services and Data Storage
Cloud services entail taking programs that are computer-based and making them available online by installing them in data centers. For instance, in the past, you had to install programs on your computer. Nowadays, you access the same programs through your computer browser.
Storing data on the cloud also makes it secure and accessible to anyone at any time and from anywhere. Digitizing data also makes it available for artificial intelligent programs. These AI services can pour through enormous data to make predictive analysis.
9) Use of green materials
Green materials aim to make construction more sustainable. Though they are been around for a long time, it is only now that the industry has viewed them as lucrative and advantageous.
Saving the environment and going green, are bandwagons that many are jumping on. Some of the materials that are emerging include composites created by mixing materials such as asphalt with concrete. Other materials include bamboo (used for thousands of years), HempCrete (made by combining concrete with plastic fibers), plastic concrete, and more.
Aiming for zero emissions and increasing the thermal performance of materials are further steps taken to make buildings more green & sustainable.
10) Building information modeling
BIM might soon become a standard in construction. It has streamlined the construction process by making planning more efficient and simplifying the implementation of designs. So, what does it entail? It’s a 3D based model of design where designs comprise of a series of objects that retain their geometries. It’s actually supported by various technologies, contracts, and tools.
Other technologies to be aware of include the use of LiDAR that allows engineers to create 3D models of worksites, the development of humanoid laborers & autonomous vehicles, and the internet of things.